Chapter Two The Messianic Covenant (Popularly Known as The Covenant of Redemption) We have seen in Chapter One that the Mosaic Covenant was given in the form of a suzerainty treaty to show clearly the type of relationship God was establishing with his people. There is a second reason why God ordained to include suzerainty treaties in human history and that is to enable his people to understand the interrelationships of the persons of the Trinity. We shall see that God the Father entered into a covenant with God the Son in the form of a suzerainty treaty with the Holy Spirit being the divine witness. Theologians refer to this treaty as the Covenant of Redemption.  However, since its main purpose was to define the role of God the Son as Messiah, we shall refer to it as the Messianic Covenant.
Chapter One The Organizing Principle of the Bible: The Covenants Since the kingdom of God is one of the major themes of Scripture, it is important to understand as much as we can about it. To understand a nation’s government one studies its constitution, and the covenants of the Bible are the constitution of God’s kingdom.  To study the covenants is to learn the principles by which God administers his kingdom and to trace the covenants throughout the Bible is to follow the course of the re-establishment of God’s kingdom. The covenants divide Biblical history into epochs in which the same pattern of events repeats itself and therefore gives the plot of the Bible its structure. In addition, an analysis of the covenants of Scripture provides a theological framework for understanding the Bible and insights into how it all fits together. From the covenants we learn the principles by which God deals with mankind.